Burlington City Blue Devil Battalion JROTC
     JROTC Creed
1. What are the six JROTC objectives that help develop a cadet?

Good citizenship and patriotism

Self-reliance, leadership, and responsiveness to constituted authority.

Ability to communicate effectively, both orally and in writing.

Appreciation of the importance of physical fitness support of the national objectives.

Knowledge of basic military skills.

Appreciation of the role of the United States Army in support of the national objectives.

2. Army Chain-of-Command:

*Commander In Chief- President Barack H. Obama

*Secretary of Defense- Honorable Leon E. Panetta

*Secretary of the Army- Honorable John McHugh

*Army Chief of Staff- General Raymond Odierno

*Sergeant Major of the Army- SAM Raymond F. Chandler III

*CG, TRADOC- General Robert W. Cone

*TRADOC- Sergeant Major CSM Daniel A. Dailey

*CG, Cadet Command MG Jefforery A. Smith

*Cadet Command Sergeant Major CSM Roger Howard

3. What is the mission of JROTC?

To motivate young people to become better citizens.

4. What is the key to success in JROTC?

The key to success in JROTC is TEAMWORK.

Cadet Rank Structure:

5. What rank is a cadet with ______________________?

Officer Ranks

Two diamonds Lieutenant Colonel

One diamond Major

Three disks Captain

Two disks First Lieutenant

One disk Second Lieutenant

Enlisted Ranks

Three stripes up/three down a star and a wreath- Command Sergeant Major

Three stripes up/three down and a diamond- First Sergeant

Three stripes up/three down- Master Sergeant

Three stripes up/two down - Sergeant First Class

Three stripes up/one down- Staff Sergeant

Three stripes- Sergeant

Two stripes- Corporal

One stripe up/one down- Private First Class

One stripe- Private

6. What is the Heimlich maneuver used for?

To clear a blocked airway.

7. What do the letters “CPR” stands for and what is it used for?

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and it is used to restore a heartbeat and restore breathing to a patient.

8. What is first aid?

The assistance someone provides to an injured person until medical personnel arrive.

9. What is mouth-to-mouth resuscitation used for?

To restore breathing.

10. What are the four life-saving steps?

a. Check and clear airway and restore breathing.

b. Check for and stop bleeding.

c. Check and treat for shock.

d. Dress and bandage the wound.

Map Reading:

11. What are the five basic colors found on a military map and what do they represent?

Blue Water.

Green Vegetation.

Brown Contour, elevation, and relief.

Red other manmade objects and densely populated areas.

Black Man made objects.

12. What instrument would you use to determine a magnetic azimuth in a field environment?


13. What instrument is used to determine grid azimuth on a map?


14. What are the five major terrain features?

Hilltop, Ridge line, Saddle, Valley, Depression.

15. How many north’s are found on a military map and what are they called?

Three: True North, Magnetic North, and Grid North.

Drill and Ceremony:

16. How many inches in a normal step in marching?

30 inches.

17. Which foot can you give the command halt on?

Either foot.

18. What position are you allowed to speak while in formation?

The position of “Rest”.

19. All stationary commands are given from which position?

The position of “Attention”.

20. What is the rate of March for “Quick Time”?

120 steps per minute.

21. What is the rate of March for “Double Time”?

180 steps per minute.

U.S. Military History:

22. Who were the primary antagonists during World War I (Who did the U.S. and its allies fight)?

Germany and Austria-Hungary.

23. Who were the primary antagonists during World War II (Who did the U.S. and its allies fight)?

Germany, Itay and Japan

24. What happened on 7th December 1941 in Hawaii?

The Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor.

25. Who was the Commander of the revolutionary Army?

George Washington.

26. What war accounted for the most American casualties?

The U.S. Civil War.

27. What war was fought during the 1960’s and 1970’s?

The Vietnam War.

28. What country did the U.S. and its allies fight in the Gulf War?


Citizenship and the Constitution:

29. What are the first 10 Amendments to the U.S. Constitution know as?

The Bill of Rights.

30. Which amendment grants the “Freedom of Speech”?

The First Amendment.

31. What age is the U.S. Citizen first allowed to vote?

18 years old.

32. What are the two primary political parties?

The Republican Party and the Democratic Party

General Areas:

33. What is your 1st General Order?

I will guard everything within the limits of my post and quit my post when properly relieved.

34. What is your 2nd General Order?

I will obey all my special orders and perform all my duties kin a military manner.

35. What is your 3rd General Order?

I will report all violations of my special orders, emergencies and anything not covered in my instructions to the commander of relief.

36. How should the JROTC uniform be worn?

With pride.

37. What are the two major categories of rank for cadets and military personnel?

Officers and enlisted personnel

38. What title is given to the cadet leader in charge of the company?

Company Commander.

39. Being a good follower is an important part of what concept?

Being a good follower is an important part of being a good leader.

40. What does the position of Honor indicate?

Those of a lower rank walk or sit to the left of those senior in rank.

41. How do you show respect to the National Anthem when outdoors in uniform?

Stand at the position of attention and render a hand salute to the U.S. flag.

42. What is meant by the flag being at half-staff?

A sign of mourning.

43. Blood that is bright red in color and shooting out in spurts is an indication of what type of bleeding?

Arterial Bleeding.

44. What are the three firing positions in air rifle marksmanship?

Prone, Kneeling, and Standing.

45. How many types of military flags are there and specific there sizes?

Garrison 20x38 feet

Post 10x19 feet

Storm 5x9 ½ feet

46. When is the Garrison flag flown?

Special occasions.

47. When is the Post flag flown?

Fair weather.

48. When is the storm flag flown?

Inclement weather.

49. What is the honor point of our flag?

The Blue Shield.

50. What do the colors on the U.S. flag represent?

White Purity.

Red Hardiness, Valor.

Blue Vigilance, Justice, and Perseverance.

51. What do the stripes on the U.S. flag represent?

The original 13 colonies.

52. How many red and white stripes are on the U.S. flag?

Red 7

White 6

53. Recite the description of the .30 Cal M1 rifle.

Lightweight, semiautomatic, gas operated, with an 8 round internal box, clip loaded, clip ejected after last round fired.

54. What is a map?

A map is a drawing, made to scale for the earth’s surface as seen from above.

55. What is the rule for reading a set of coordinates?

Read to the right and up.

56. What is the legend of a map?

Explains the symbols used on a map.

57. What is the scale of a map?

The distance on the map and corresponding distance on the ground.

58. What is the bar scale on the map used for?

The bar scale on the map is used to convert map distance to ground distance.

59. What are the colors on the map used for?

To distinguish objects on the map.

60. Identify the direction used on a topographic map.

Grid, magnetic, and True North.

61. What is the declination diagram on a map used for?

To convert grid azimuth to magnetic azimuth and magnetic azimuth to grid azimuth.

62. What is an azimuth?

A horizontal clockwise angle measured from a know reference point.

63. What is meant by the marginal information on a map?

The data placed around the outer edges of a military map.

64. What are the three ways to stop bleeding?

Direct pressure, pressure point, and tourniquet.

65. What are the three methods of opening the airway?

Head tilt, jaw lift, and thumb jaw method.

66. Define leadership.

Leadership is the ability to influence and direct others to accomplish an assigned mission through purpose, motivation, and direction.

67. Who salutes first?

The junior in rank always salutes first. All salutes should be returned.

68. Where and when do we salute outdoors?

We salute outdoors within six to thirty steps; upon recognition; or when eye contact is made.

69. Who salutes for a detail?

The person in charge of the detail salutes first.

70. What is command?

Command is the authority a person in the military service exercises over subordinates by virtue of rank, assignment and position.

71. As a cadet officer or NCO what are you responsible for?

I am responsible for training, discipline, and the welfare of those individuals assigned to my control.

72. What is discipline?

Discipline is the individual’s attitude that insures prompt obedience to orders.

73. What is a LEADER?

A leader is any person in a position of responsibility who influences and directs people.

74. Where is the 5th Brigade ROTC Headquarters located?

Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, Texas.

75. What are the three characteristics of effective writing?

Simple, Readable, and Understandable.

76. List the three parts of a research paper.

Introduction, Body, and Conclusion.

77. What are the two parts of an oral drill command?

Preparatory and Command of execution.

78. You may talk while you are in what drill position?

Rest position.

79. Define drill.

Drill is the process of moving an element from one point to another in unison and precision.

80. Recite the JROTC Creed.

I am an Army Junior ROTC cadet. I will always conduct myself to bring credit to my family, country, school, and the Corps of Cadets. I am loyal and patriotic. I am the future of the United States of America. I do not lie, cheat or steal and will always be accountable for my actions and deeds. I will always practice good citizenship and patriotism. I will work hard to improve my mind and strengthen my body. I will seek the mantle of leadership and stand prepared to uphold the Constitution and the American way of life. May God grant me the strength to always live by this creed.

81. Name the Governor of Texas?

Honorable Rick Perry, the 47th Governor.

82. Name the three types of teaching methods.

Lecture, conference, and demonstration.

83. What agency is available to the Governor in case of disaster or civil disturbance?

The Army National Guard.

84. What color socks are worn with the class A or B uniform.

Black socks.

85. What type of shirt is worn under the Army green coat?

AG 415 long sleeve shirt or short sleeve shirt.

86. The black necktie/neck tab is optional when wearing what type of uniform?

Class B uniform with short sleeves.

87. What color t-shirt is worn with the class A or B uniform?


88. What uniform is worn during ceremonies and social functions?

The Class A or B uniform.

89. What uniform is worn at summer camps and for participation on special teams?


90. What insignia do cadet officers wear on the garrison cap?

Grade or rank insignia.

91. What insignia do enlisted cadets wear on the garrison cap?

ROTC insignia.

92. What color t-shirt is worn with the ACU uniform?


93. How is the grade (or ROTC) insignia worn on the garrison cap?

On the left side of the cap one inch from the crease and centered vertically between the top braid and the bottom of the cap.

94. How is the JROTC shoulder sleeve insignia worn on the class A uniform?

On the left sleeve, ½ inch below the shoulder seam.

95. Where is the Honor Unit insignia worn?

One-fourth of an inch and centered above the top of the right pocket (for female cadets it is worn ¼ inch above the nameplate)

96. How are ribbons positioned on the class A uniform?

Ribbons are centered on the left side 1/8 of an inch above the left pocket (centered above the horizontal line for female cadets).

97. How often must a uniform be worn by cadets?

At least once per week.

98. Can a male cadet wear an earring in uniform?


99. What size/color earrings can female cadets wear?

Small silver, gold or white spherical earrings not to exceed 1/4 inch in diameter.

100. How is the nameplate worn on your uniform?

Center the nameplate on the right pocket between the top of pocket and the top of the button for males. Even with the top button centered horizontally on the right side of the coat--in a comparable position on the shirt.

101. What regulation covers the wear of the uniform?

AR 670-1 and CCR 145-2.

102. How are shoulder board ranks worn?

Cadet officers place the pointed end toward the collar and the flat end toward the edge of the shoulder; for enlisted cadets, place the side with the pointed chevron toward the collar.

103. Are shoulder boards authorized for wear with the class B uniform?


104. What does ACU stand for?

Army Combat Uniform.

I am an Army Junior ROTC cadet.
​I will always conduct myself to bring credit to my family, country, school, and the Corps of Cadets.
​I am loyal and patriotic.
​I am the future of the United States of America.
​I do not lie, cheat or steal and will always be accountable for my actions and deeds.
​I will always practice good citizenship and patriotism.
​I will work hard to improve my mind and strengthen my body.
​I will seek the mantle of leadership and stand prepared to uphold the Constitution and the American way of life.
​May God grant me the strength to always live by this creed.

Uniform Information
The JROTC Uniform is supposed to be worn by every cadet, once a week. There is a designated day for the uniform to be worn which for our program is Tuesday. Every Tuesday cadets must wear the uniform because it counts as a grade.
Cadets can receive ribbons and medals to put on their uniform when they participate in an event, competition or accomplish a requirement. They do not have to be related to the program. It looks good to have many ribbons and metals on a uniform because it shows the hard work a cadet has done.
General Knowledge